11 Most In-Demand Programming Languages in 2022

11 Most In-Demand Programming Languages in 2022

You don’t want to squander your time. If you’re going to devote the time and energy required to learn new programming languages, you should be certain that the ones you choose are the most in-demand programming languages on the market.

After all, if you want to start (or advance) a job in software development, you’ll need to be at the head of the metaphorical class. You’ll need to know which programming languages are popular, which are beneficial, and which are on the rise — and then set yourself up to master them.

Not sure where to begin? Don’t worry; we’ve already done the legwork for you, poring into developer and industry data from recent years to find trends and draw conclusions that can help you plan for your programming education. In this article, we’ll go over the 11 most popular programming languages and give you some tips on how to learn them.

But first, let’s go over how we came up with this list in the first place. We had two key research questions when we sat down to figure out what the most in-demand programming languages for 2022 may be:

The Most In-Demand Programming Languages for 2022

1. JavaScript

What is the purpose of this language?

  • Web and video game development
  • Apps for smartphones
  • Constructing web servers

According to Stack Overflow’s 2020 Developer Survey, JavaScript is the most widely used programming language in the world (69.7%), followed by HTML/CSS (62.4%), SQL (56.7%), Python (41.6%), and Java (38.4 percent ). In the Americas, it is also the most sought-after programming language among recruiting managers (PDF, 2.4 MB).

JavaScript is used to control how web pages behave. Coders can use it to construct dynamic web elements like animated images, interactive maps, and clickable buttons, among other things. Combining HTML, CSS, and JavaScript gives programmers more control over their websites and allows them to create a better user experience in terms of navigation and readability.

JavaScript is the most widely used coding language in the world today. This is due to the fact that it is used by the majority of web browsers and is one of the easiest languages to learn. JavaScript requires absolutely no prior coding experience; once you’ve learned it, you may instantly practice and play with it.

Furthermore, because the language is so widely spoken, there are numerous online forums, courses, and professional assistance resources. This, combined with the language’s excellent usability, puts JavaScript at the top of our list of the most popular programming languages.

2. Python

What is the purpose of this language?

  • Backend programming
  • App development for data science

Python is a general-purpose programming language that allows developers to create programs in a variety of programming styles (functional, object-oriented, reflective, and so on). Python was used to create a number of well-known digital tools and platforms, including YouTube, Google Search, and iRobot machines. It’s also the second-most-in-demand programming language for hiring managers in the Americas, after Python, according to HackerRank (PDF, 2.4 MB).

Python is suitable for beginners and expert coders alike because it is one of the easier languages to learn and use. The language includes a large library that includes typical commands and operations. Its interactive features enable programmers to test code as they write it, saving time spent writing and testing lengthy chunks of code.

Python is easily one of the most marketable and in-demand programming languages of 2022, with over 50% of hiring managers (PDF, 2.4MB) seeking applicants who know it.

3. HTML

What is the purpose of this language?

  • Web-based papers
  • Creating a website
  • Upkeep of the website

HyperText Markup Language stands for HyperText Markup Language. Don’t be fooled by the intimidating moniker; HTML is one of the most approachable programming languages.

HTML is a markup language, which means it is in charge of arranging the look of information on a website. HTML is mostly used to define web pages that contain plain text. It is limited to writing and arranging text on a website and lacks the capability of the other programming languages on this list. The HTML domain includes sections, headings, links, and paragraphs.

HTML and CSS are tied for second place on Stack Overflow’s list of the most widely used languages in the world as of 2020.

4. CSS

What is the purpose of this language?

  • Web-based papers
  • Creating a website
  • Designing a website

CSS, or cascading style sheets, determines the appearance of a website when used in conjunction with HTML. CSS determines the size, colour, and location of all page elements, whereas HTML organizes site text into chunks.

CSS is also useful since it allows styles to cascade down from parent elements to all children elements across the site. This feature eliminates the need for users to manually replicate their code across a website once they’ve decided on aesthetics for the primary parent. Furthermore, because site organisation is delegated to HTML and aesthetics to CSS, users don’t have to totally redo a web page to alter the colour.

CSS is a simple programming language that allows new programmers to dip their toes into the coding water. If you’re new to coding, there’s no reason you shouldn’t start with CSS before moving on to more advanced languages.

5. Java

What is the purpose of this language?

  • App development for e-commerce finance

Java is an object-oriented programming language with a wide range of applications. Object-oriented programming allows programmers to build objects that have functions and data and can be used to structure programmes and applications.

Java is now the third most popular programming language among hiring managers worldwide (PDF, 2.4 MB) and has ranked #5 on Stack Overflow’s list of the most popular languages for the past two years.

Java’s success is well-deserved; it’s a simple language to learn and use, has excellent security, and can manage large amounts of data. These characteristics make Java an excellent language for online finance, and it is widely used in banking, billing, and the stock market.

Learners, on the other hand, are drawn to the language’s variety. Java is marketed as a “write-once, run-anywhere” language because it can operate on any operating system, regardless of which OS was used to create the code. It’s thus great for creating apps for everything from mobile phones to PCs to remote processors, sensors, and a variety of other consumer electronics.

6. SQL

What is the purpose of this language?

  • Database administration
  • Reports on sales
  • Business administration

SQL, or Structured Query Language, is a programming language for querying and manipulating databases. It is primarily intended for data management within an RDBMS as a domain-specific language (relational database management system). Simply put, SQL can find and retrieve data from a database, as well as edit, add, and delete records.

While SQL is extremely functional, it is best suited to small databases and does not always adapt itself to large ones.

Despite this, SQL remains the third-most-used programming language in the industry, with 54.7 per cent of questioned developers saying they use it.

7. NoSQL

What is the purpose of this language?

  • Database administration
  • Reports on sales
  • Business administration

Non-relational SQL, or NoSQL, was developed to improve SQL’s scalability while keeping the language’s ease of use.

SQL is based on relational database/stream management systems, which store data in tables and let users edit and extract it. NoSQL databases, on the other hand, do not employ tables and can be more beneficial for specialised applications, such as storing data in a hierarchical network or enabling large-scale, cloud-based applications, than their predecessors.

These languages are high on our list of the most in-demand coding languages since they are both so versatile.

8. C#

What is the purpose of this language?

  • VR, desktop, online, and mobile app development

This programming language, sometimes known as C Sharp, is part of the object-oriented programming family. Microsoft released C# in 2002, and it has since become a popular upgrade to the C++ programming language.

C# is becoming more popular as a general-purpose language for constructing web and desktop apps; according to HackerRank, one out of every five hiring managers (PDF, 2.4 MB) is seeking a C# developer. There’s no denying that it’ll be one of the most in-demand coding languages in the future year; but, there are a variety of other reasons to keep it on your radar.

C#, like other popular languages, has a large community that works with it and helps newcomers. As a result, learning C# may be easier than learning some of the newer, less well-documented languages. C# is also suitable for creating increasingly popular mobile apps and games. This language will very certainly continue to be helpful in the coming years.

9. Rust 

What is the purpose of this language?

  • VR Web browsers and operating systems

Rust has continuously scored at the top of Stack Overflow’s most-loved programming languages, with 86 per cent of users expressing an interest in continuing to develop with it.

However, only 3% of respondents in the study said they used Rust, indicating that the great majority of programmers are unaware of its utility. Rust is a “multi-paradigm” programming language, which means it lets programmers use different programming techniques. It has a syntax similar to C++, but it supports a wider range of applications.

Rust is an excellent language to learn if you want faster compilation, more cross-platform capabilities, or just better career chances.

10. Perl

What this language is used for:

  • System administration 
  • GUI development 
  • Network programming

Perl isn’t the most widely used programming language. In reality, it was only utilised by 3.1 per cent of developers in 2020, and it didn’t even reach Stack Overflow’s list of regularly used languages for 2019. However, there is a reason why we recommend it. If you’re already established in your profession, learning Perl could greatly increase your earning potential.

Developers that know Perl make 54 per cent more than the average developer, according to HackerRank (PDF, 2.4MB). However, it is worth mentioning that most of the people who are aware of these are senior engineers, who tend to earn more on a regular basis – quantifying the “benefit” that a programming language gives can be difficult. However, knowing a language like Perl may still be beneficial.

Perl, or Practical Extraction and Report Language, is a programming language that is often used to extract data from text files and generate reports.

While many programming languages are compiled languages, where the programme is translated by a target machine, Perl is an interpreted language, where the code is located and executed by a third “interpreting” machine. Usually, interpreted programmes consume more CPU, but Perl produces small scripts that can be processed quickly due to its conciseness.

11. Go

What this language is used for:

  • System/network programming 
  • Audio/video editing 
  • Big Data

Go is a top-tier programming language that was created at Google in 2007. The efficiency of Go is what sets it apart; it can run multiple processes at the same time. It also has a large “vocabulary” in comparison to other computer languages, which means it can display more data.

Go is a remarkable language that provides top-notch memory safety and management features, despite having a comparable syntax to C. Furthermore, the language’s structural typing capabilities provide a lot of flexibility and dynamism. Furthermore, Go is not only popular among programmers, but it also correlates with a 33 percent income increase (PDF, 2.4 MB).

Final Thoughts

Learning a new language is one of the finest ways to grow your programming career, whether you’re a seasoned programmer or just getting started. However, where do you begin your educational journey?

Your initial step will be determined by you, your schedule, and the resources available to you.

A college programme, for example, will offer you a comprehensive education in programming theory and practice, but it will also need four years of full-time study and tens of thousands of dollars in tuition support.

Consider a coding boot camp if you want a faster and less expensive educational experience that focuses on skills-based learning. Coding boot camps give you the hands-on experience and language abilities you’ll need to get an entry-level job in the field in three to six months.

If you’re seeking the most affordable educational course and don’t mind self-teaching, you might want to look into learning necessary coding skills through tutorials, books, and online courses. Keep in mind that, while this path offers a lot of flexibility and low-cost learning options, it might not be right for individuals who want external incentives. If you know you’ll have difficulties staying accountable, consider one of these methods.

Whatever path you take, one thing is certain: there’s never been a better time to learn a new skill and begin your coding career.

We hope that this list of the most popular programming languages in 2022 will assist you in getting started!

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