Have you ever wondered what makes a computer run quickly? From choosing the best case design to installing and testing components, we’ll cover everything you need to know in order to construct the fastest desktop computer for your money in this article.
If you’re thinking about building a house, you’ll be relieved to learn that putting a computer together isn’t inherently more difficult than careful purchasing. Before you get started, here’s everything you’ll need to buy or consider:
- A PC case that is simple to use
- A multi-core CPU with a clock speed of at least 4.0 GHz is required.
- RAM: 16 GB
- Solid-state drives or hybrid storage
- Graphics card that is up to date (NVIDIA® GeForce®, AMD RadeonTM, and Vega, for example).
- Air conditioning system
- Sufficient power supply
One of the many advantages of building your own computer is the increased speed. The advantages of a speedier computer are self-evident: greater and more consistent performance. A faster computer is simply easier and more enjoyable to use, but some of the advantages of a custom-built system may not be immediately apparent.
What are the advantages of building your own high-speed computer?
A pre-made computer that is out of your price range can often be built at home for a fraction of the cost. Rather than paying more for a fully constructed item, you can save money by purchasing individual components and assembling them yourself.
You’re essentially eliminating the labor and brand expenditures that keep computer prices high, especially when it comes to luxury models and high-powered versions. If you’re not scared of a little tinkering, you can wind up with a lot more powerful setup than what you’d get pre-assembled for the same money.
Control is another benefit. It’s much easier to learn more about and understand how a fast computer works when you construct it from the ground up. This comprises the features of each component, the location, and mounting of various elements, and even what might be wrong if an issue emerges.
However, for those who want to be hands-off and don’t plan on constantly maintaining or upgrading their PC, it’s also worth considering whether you’d rather save money by building your own or save time by buying a pre-assembled machine. With that in mind, this benefit is most beneficial to either seasoned PC users or those who are interested in becoming one.
How to choose the right case and components for your build
Assembling a new PC is heavily reliant on the components you select, so start by selecting a casing that can house everything. Make a list of your components and double-check that they’re all compatible, and then make sure you’ve chosen a case that you’ll be comfortable working with for the long haul because accessibility and upgradability help any DIY PC offer value.
What is the definition of a motherboard? It’s the foundation upon which you’ll build your components. When selecting a motherboard, you must evaluate the available options (micro, mini, and standard), which will influence some of the component limitations. To give yourself enough room for a high-speed setup, you’ll probably require a standard-sized motherboard. You should avoid putting your quick, high-powered components too near together, as this might cause heat to build up.
Your processor, also known as the central processing unit (CPU), is the brain of your computer, regulating and integrating the rest of your system so that you can interact with it easily. A CPU with more cores and a faster clock speed allows you to engage with more programs at a faster rate. Your computer will run faster if you have good ratings in these areas.
For the most demanding tasks, such as gaming or video editing, a processor speed of 4.0 GHz is a suitable starting point. Finally, the number of cores you choose is determined by your budget and how you want to utilize your computer. You can get away with less if you focus on one work at a time and don’t frequently need to run many applications at the same time.
You’ll also want to look for gear that can meet your fundamental requirements right away. If you have a lot of work to do, multi-core processors with a good clock speed of 4.0 GHz or above are the way to go.
Random-access memory, or RAM, has a significant impact on PC speed and how you use your device on a daily basis. RAM is the memory that your computer utilizes to operate the numerous programs and applications that we all rely on to make our computers work. Although the majority of components in a computer system have very simple purposes, RAM is nevertheless frequently misunderstood. If you’re new to the subject, a closer look into RAM speed will help you obtain a better understanding before you start creating.
There are symptoms that your computer may be running out of RAM. If you’ve ever had trouble loading several huge media files, such as raw images and movies, or if you’ve ever had sluggish performance when running resource-intensive programmes, especially more than one or two at once, you’ve probably encountered them.
Start your build with at least 16GB of RAM if those difficulties sound similar or if you wish to avoid them entirely. Even a small increase in RAM will save you time and aggravation, while the correct PC case can still accommodate future expansion. You won’t regret taking RAM seriously from the start, whether you’re a gamer, a professional, or someone with a rigorous schedule.
Choose an HDD or SSD for storage that best suits your needs. Keep in mind that SSD is the most efficient alternative, while HDD or a hybrid design may be preferable in some cases. SSDs are becoming more popular, but they are also more expensive than HDDs with comparable storage space. SSDs, on the other hand, are unsurpassed for people who require more speed and responsiveness from their PC.
6. Integrated or discrete graphics
There are two primary reasons to consider if you require a dedicated graphics card. An integrated graphics card is embedded into your processor, whereas a discrete (also known as dedicated) graphics card is located separately on the motherboard of your PC.
An integrated graphics card improves your build’s efficiency by generating less heat, which eliminates the need for additional ventilation and maintenance while using less power. A standalone graphics card, on the other hand, accomplishes the exact opposite.
If you don’t mind adding a discrete graphics card only when the necessity arises, integrated graphics are a terrific method to save money on your original setup while getting the most out of it afterwards. However, if you’re a gamer or someone who requires the greatest visuals, you’ll want to go for separate graphics.
Though it is larger than others, the NVIDIA GeForce RTX 2080 Ti is one of the most powerful alternatives available. Consider the GTX 1050 for a smaller, more economical choice. AMD’s Vega and Radeon Vega lines also have a competitive lineup of graphics cards.
7. Cooling system
While we’re on the issue of graphics and power consumption, consider thermal regulation as well. If you’re a gamer or use resource-intensive programs frequently, you’ll want to look for a case with better airflow or the ability to add extra cooling devices.
Airflow around components can be improved by installing fans. Keep in mind, though, that keeping your beefed-up computer cool is critical to ensuring that those components work at their best. Here’s why you should use liquid cooling instead of air cooling in your gaming computer: Top 10 Reasons to Use Liquid Cooling vs Air Cooling in Your Gaming Computer.
8. Power supply
In most cases, the power source is the final thing you’ll want to pick. Why? Because ensuring that each component of your PC receives enough power is important to its correct operation. The remainder of your high-quality specs may fall short if you don’t have the correct power supply.
Different processors and components deplete the resources you need to work, so knowing what you’re up against is critical. Make sure your power supply has extra capacity for huge applications and can support future expansions to regulate consumption and reduce the need for short-term improvements.
There’s a good chance you’ll have troubles down the road if you don’t choose your power supply carefully. If you upgrade other components without first considering your power source, you may have unnecessary downtime and require more changes.
How to install components onto your motherboard and get things running
While the intricacies of each assembly job vary based on your case and components, the following are the most crucial steps:
- Make sure your PC and any other components are unplugged entirely. Then, using the proper tool, open your PC casing.
- Secure your CPU and factory cooling, which is usually a fan and heat sink, to the processor with care. To help reduce excess heat build-up, remember to give enough room for each component and extra space for your most high-performance products.
- Install RAM in the available memory slots, ensuring that it is properly aligned and secured. If you’re changing an older or less powerful RAM module, simply expel the old one and replace it in the open slot. Read our related HP® Tech Takes post here for more information about RAM and how to install it: DDR4 RAM: What Is It and How Do I Install It?
- In the drive bays, place your hard drive. It should be able to fit and line up with the internal housing of your case, allowing you to secure the drive. Again, as much breathing room around the drive as feasible will help to reduce heat build-up. Read our companion HP® Tech Takes post here: How to Replace a Hard Drive and Reinstall your Operating System for more thorough instructions on how to install a hard drive and operating system.
- If you want to install a discrete graphics card, you’ll have to use one of your motherboard’s PCIe slots. Press down after aligning your graphics card with the open expansion slot. It should include a built-in clip to keep it secure.
6. Close your PC case once you’ve double-checked that all of your components are where they should be and that you’ve made all of the essential connections.
- When you’re ready to get started and have a display in mind, just install your operating system and drivers, then configure your system BIOS.
How to test how fast your computer is
Monitoring your computer’s performance is an excellent method to stay on top of maintenance and usage, especially if you ever feel like your machine isn’t responding quickly enough.
The Performance tab in Task Manager is one of the simplest ways for a Windows user to assess performance. While there are several internet apps for evaluating your specifications independently, this is one of the simplest and most complete ways to examine your system.
When you need to know “how fast is my computer” to compare performance or models, keep in mind that you have a lot of possibilities. Also, keep your budget and overall goals in perspective, because constructing the fastest desktop computer differs from building a fast desktop computer for around $500. Depending on your requirements, what one person considers to be a fast computer speed may not be sufficient for another.
Don’t be intimidated
It’s fair that you’re apprehensive about creating your own super-fast desktop computer if you’ve never done so before. We all want the most out of our computers, but you must also consider what is most practical in your scenario.
Fortunately, constructing a powerful desktop computer from the ground up does not have to be complicated. Just keep in mind the basic stages we went through and look up your components if you get stuck. Each should provide a substantial amount of supplemental reading material as well as detailed directions.
You can even use a tool like PC Part Picker to ensure that all of the components you select will work together to create the fastest desktop computer possible for your budget.