How to Learn Programming.

How to Learn Programming.
How to Learn Programming.

Introduction

Coding is a relatively new skill that is becoming increasingly popular. Because it is so popular, even high schools have included programming in their curricula. Programming and coding are sometimes used interchangeably, but they are two distinct concepts that you can learn more about here. Learning to code has become the need of our era, with every chore becoming digitized and becoming smart, and automotive with AI technology.

Everything you can think of can be done using an app or a website, including hiring a cab, ordering meals, shopping online, watching movies, and even taking a course or improving your gaming abilities. As more applications become digital, the demand for developers and programmers grows, therefore mastering a programming language is advantageous. This article explains how to learn your preferred programming language and how to get started with programming. So let’s get this party started!

How to Learn to Code

Before we continue reading, let me remind you that you have chosen a route that requires patience and the determination to never give up, no matter how difficult the journey may be. To become a programmer, read through and follow the procedures outlined below.

Learn Programming Fundamentals

The first and most important step is to decide the language you want to study. It is suggested that you begin with Python because it is as simple as English and very easy to learn. You may find some of the top Python tutorials online and get started. However, you have the option of selecting a language that interests you, as well as a project that you would like to work on in the future. So, if you want to make a mobile app, you should start with Java or Kotlin for Android and Swift for iOS, and if you want to make a website, you should start with Javascript. AI & ML, Python & R are the languages to learn if you want to work in data science.

You may want to learn the languages in one of the following two ways:

1. Through Interactive Websites

For interactive coding sessions, websites like Codecademy and Freecodecamp are advised. These were created with the thought that many beginners get stuck at the start of their coding journey while setting up their development environment. These websites provide online text editors and compilers so that you can start coding right away.

2. Through Video Tutorials

If you want a detailed study with step-by-step instructions, we propose enrolling in an online programming tutorial that teaches you everything from how to install and download the essential IDE to basic language ideas and culminates with a capstone project to put your coding skills to the test. Some tutorials and courses also provide credentials that may be useful later on when looking for work. For starter tutorials in your selected language, we recommend Pluralsight and Lynda. You might also want to have a look at some of Hackr.io’s most popular tutorials.

Focus on Learning Programming Basics

It is always suggested to make your fundamentals strong so as to be a pro coder. Learn the basics thoroughly and try your hands on the code by making your own problems and solving them. Stress on the following topics to begin learning as they are common in almost all the languages.

  • Data Types
  • Variables
  • Functions
  • Array or Lists
  • If statements
  • Conditional loops
  • Classes and objects
  • Exception handling
  • Trees, maps, and more.

Build your First Project

The greatest method to study and learn what you’ve learned is to create your own unique project. Building a project of your choice would provide you with an extensive practical language learning experience, as you would encounter the application of concepts that you had previously learned, as well as learn how to deploy the project for usage by you and others. Furthermore, when you complete your projects, add them to your profile or GitHub account; this will assist you in the future when looking for a programming job.

The most pressing question at this point is:

How Should I Choose a Project?

This is where most people get stuck at the deciding stage of what to build? The solution is simple. Let us see it below:

1. Choose What Interests You

You must do what interests you the most, whether it is studying or coding. You must appreciate the project area you select so that you are enthusiastic about it and remain engaged until it is completed. If you chose something that does not interest you, you may find yourself abandoning your project in the middle because you have lost interest in it. So find something that will keep you occupied, such as developing a video game of your choice if you enjoy playing games. Similarly, if you enjoy photography, you could create a portfolio website to showcase your work, or if you are interested in trading, you could create an app.

2. Start With Something Simple

It’s fine to be confident in your talents, but being overconfident isn’t. As a result, it is recommended that you start with modest and straightforward projects to have a better understanding of the language before moving on to more sophisticated ones.

For example, if you want to make a video game, don’t start with something complex like League of Legends; instead, start with something simple like tic-tac-toe; if you want to make a website, don’t start with something complexes like Amazon or Facebook; instead, start with something simple like a to-do list.

3. Build Something Useful for Yourself and the Community

Be creative and create something that is both beneficial to you and interesting to the community. Building something of community interest would provide you the possibility to get a lot of downloads or viewers for your project, which would give you something to show off and give you an advantage over other job seekers.

Few Ideas to Get Started

If you’re not sure where to begin, we’ve come up with a few suggestions to get you started on your project. Start with a simple website, such as a to-do list, or if you want to develop a game app, games like Tetris, sudoku and flappy bird are wonderful places to start learning to program.

If you want something challenging you might want to consider building a website similar to Twitter but with not as many features as Twitter offers but with some basic functionality like tweeting and following. Hacker gives you many project ideas for several languages ranging from the beginner level to the advanced level. Check out the projects in different languages here:

  • Python Projects
  • Java Projects
  • HTML Projects
  • Android Projects
  • PHP Projects

Feeling Stuck?

There will be moments when you will feel stuck while working on your projects. This could be due to mistakes, your program crashing without a message, or even your coding executing well but not giving the desired result. You may become agitated to the point where you want to give up. What should you do in such a situation? Please don’t give up! Keep yourself motivated, and consider the following suggestions as you continue to work on your project.

1. Learn to Google the Error Correctly

This is an extremely important stage that you should master. Searching for and finding the mistake in your code can help you fix it in a matter of minutes, but if you don’t know how to do it, it’ll be like diving into a maelstrom of code without a map. Before searching on Google, I recommend enclosing the error message created by your compiler in double-quotes (” “) This would allow Google to target the error as the same sentence, resulting in a far more accurate filtered result.

2. Popular Websites to Guide You

Stack-Overflow and Reddit are at the top of the list for assisting developers all over the world with their code. It’s a full-fledged community of developers from various fortes who join together to assist one another with their projects. Posting your questions here may take up to two weeks to receive a response, but it is worthwhile, even though you may have found the solution to your problem because many others have experienced the same problem. It is also encouraged that you answer some of the questions that you can in order to assist others and learn in the process.

3. Events and Meetups

This stage may be challenging to begin with because it takes you to move outside of your comfort zone, but trust me when I say that once you get started, you will enjoy it. So, start by identifying people who share your interests and getting to know or working with them. You might look for “coding events” on Facebook’s event page or go to meetup.com and connect with folks who are interested in learning more.

Get a Job or an Internship

Finally, many people learn programming languages in order to work in the development field. So, after you’re confident enough or believe you know some basic programming, you might wish to start with an internship in the development sector. Start working as a paid or unpaid intern on a project that interests you, or assist or collaborate with an experienced developer to learn. Working as an intern allows you to get experience, improve your abilities, and sometimes even get compensated. Even if you are not in pain, you will have the opportunity to build your industry network for future references and jobs.

You could start your internship hunt in one of the following ways:

1.LinkedIn:

It is the most reliable source with a large readership that can assist you in finding a variety of internships that match your interests.

2. Career Fairs: 

These are beneficial since you get to meet the recruiters in person and may share your interests and determine if the project interests you as well.

3. Networking:

This is the best way to get an internship because if you receive a job through someone’s recommendation, you’ll have an advantage over other candidates because they’ll be more likely to trust you if someone from their firm refers you. As mentioned above, you can expand your network by attending events and meetups.

Computer Science Degrees or Bootcamps: Which is beneficial to learn to program?

Should you enroll in a degree program or a Bootcamp to further your education? Is a common question that people ask when they first start learning to code. There is no definitive answer to this question because it is entirely dependent on the individual and their learning capacity. To further assist you, if you are a high school student who has not yet enrolled in graduate school and wish to pursue a career in programming, you should pursue a degree in computer science; however, if computer science and coding is something you wish to pursue later in your career, you should pursue a Bootcamp in a programming language of your choice. However, it’s also a good idea to start with an online search.

Conclusion

This concludes the beginner’s guide to programming. I hope that after reading this post, you will feel inspired to learn to code and begin working on your first project. We at Hackr.io have compiled a list of the finest courses for practically every programming language you might be interested in learning. So get ready to embark on your path to becoming a developer.

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